An Assessment of Solid Waste Management System in the Kumasi Metropolis


  • Alexander Fianko Otchere KUMASI POLYTECHNIC
  • Jonathan Anan Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology Kumasi
  • Matilda Owusu Bio Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology Kumasi



Kumasi metropolis, management, solid waste, urbanization, waste, waste generation.



Waste products arise from our ways of life and it is generated at every stage of the process of production and development. It spans all stages of human activities, from manufacturing to consumption. The purposes of this thesis were to identify the solid waste management practices in KMA. This research is exploratory research. A sample size of 200 was used out of a total population of the study was 350. Questionnaire was the main data collection instrument used for the study. Quantitative data analysis technique (such as mean, percentages, frequencies and standard deviation) and qualitative data analysis technique (such as content analysis) were used to analyse the collected data. It was found out that all the seven solid waste management practices identified and tested, only two; waste generation practices, and transfer and transport practices were moderately done well. This means that the rest: onsite handling, collection, sorting, disposal, and energy generation practices are not been done appropriately. Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that, the management of KMA should adopt appropriate waste management practices such as conversion of waste into energy.

Author Biographies

  • Alexander Fianko Otchere, KUMASI POLYTECHNIC
  • Jonathan Anan, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology Kumasi

    Department of Information Systems and Decision Science

    Senior Lecturer and Head of Department


  • Matilda Owusu Bio, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology Kumasi
    Department of Information Systems and Decision Science


Abagale, K. F., Mensah, A., and Osei, A. R. (2012), “Urban solid waste sorting in a growing city of Ghana”, International Journal of Environment and Sustainability, Vol.1, No. 4, Pp 18-25, available online at, accessed on 3rd January, 2013.

Agwu, M. O. (2012), “Issues and challenges of solid waste management practices in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria – a behavioural perspective”, American Journal of social and management of sciences, online:, accessed on 3rd January, 2013.

Allaby, M. (1988), “Macmillan dictionary of the environment”, 3rd Ed, Macmillan Press, London.

Baabereyir, A. (2009), “Urban environmental problems in Ghana: A case study of social environmental injustice in solid waste management in Accra and Sekondi-Takoradi”, Doctorate of Philosophy Thesis, University of Nottingham.

Cape Town Metropolitan Assembly (CTMA). (2004), “Integrated waste management”, Republic of South Africa.

Cointreau - Levin, S. (1997) “Occupational and environmental health issues of solid waste management: Special emphasis on middle and lower – income countries”, (Draft), World Bank Report, and Pp 1-25. [Online] Available: (Accessed on 3rd January, 2013).

DELM (Department of Environment and Land Management), (2003), “Tasmanian hazardous waste strategy”, DELM, Hobart. Available online on:, Accessed on 3rd January, 2013.

Environmental Protection Agency of South Austria, (2012), “What is waste?”, available online on, accessed on 29th December, 2012.

European Union, (2005), “European Directive 75/442/EC”, as amended

Gbekor, A. (2003), “Domestic Waste Management”, Ghana Environmental ProtectionAgency (EPA) Newsletter, Vol. 47 No. 5.Ghana EPA, Accra.

Gilpin, A. (1996), “Dictionary of Environment and Development”, John Wiley and Sons, Chester and New York.

Kofoworola, O. F. (2007), “Recovery and recycling practices in municipal solid waste management in Lagos, Nigeria”, Waste Management Journal, Vol. 27, No. 9, Pp 1139-1143.

KumasiMetropolitan Assembly website (2013),, accessed on 8th January, 2013.

Lapidos, J. (2007), “Will My Plastic Bag Still Be Here in 2507? How Scientists Figure out How Long it Takes for Your Trash to Decompose”, Available online on:, accessed on 3rd January, 2013.

Maguto, P. O., and Onsongo, C.O. (2011), “Operationalising municipal solid waste management”, Integrated waste management Journal, Vol. II, Pp1-9, available online on, accessed on 5th January, 2013.

Mariwah, S. (2012), “ Institutional arrangements for managing solid waste in the Shama-Ahanta-East Metropolis, Ghana”, Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, Volume 14, No.6, Clarion University of Pennsylvania, Clarion, Pennsylvania.

Mensah, A. E. (2011), “Management of solid waste in Kumasi central market”, Bachelor Degree Thesis, KNUST, available on line on, accessed on 5th January, 2013.

Onibokun, A. and Kumuyi, J. (1999), “Governance and waste management in Africa”, (cited in, Adepoju G. Onibokun (ed) “Managing the monster”: Urban waste management and governance in Africa), International Development Research Centre, Canada.

Opara, J. (2009), PHD thesis, (unpublished).

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, (2006), “Improving Recycling Markets." OECD Environment Program. Paris,

Oyelola, O. T., Babatunde, A. I., and Abiodun, A. A. (2011), “Appraisal of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Lagos Metropolis”, Wilolud Journals, Vol. 2, No. 2, Pp 1-7, (available on line on, accessed on 3rd January, 2013.

Saunders, M., Lewis, P., and Thornhill, A., (2007), “Research Methods for Business students”, 4th Edn, Essex England, Pearson Education Limited.

Schubeller, P., Wehrle, K and Christen, J. (1996), “Urban Management and Infrastructure. Conceptual Framework for Municipal Solid Waste Management in Low-Income Countries”, Working Paper No. 9.

UNDP/UNCHS (Habitat/World Bank/SDC Collaborative Programme on Municipal Solid Waste Management in Low- Income Countries. St, Gallen, SKAT. (2013), “Waste Composition”, available online on:, accessed on 3rd January, 2012.

Tadesse, T. (2004), “Solid waste Management”, Lecture Notes for Environmental and Occupational Health Students, Ethiopia Public Health Initiative, Pp 1-199.

Tsiboe, A. I., and Marbel, E. (2004), “A look at Urban Waste Disposal Problem in Accra, Ghana”, Masters Thesis, Roskilde University.

United Nations Environment Programme, (2005), "Solid Waste Management,” Chapter III: Waste Quantities and Characteristics, Pp 31-38.

UK. Environment Council, (2000), “The Waste Guide. The Stakeholders’ Guide to Sustainable Waste Management”, Environment Council, London.

United Nations Population Fund (2001), “The State of World Population 2001, Phoenix-Trykkeriet AS, Denmark”, UNFPA.

United States. EPA, (2008), “Hazardous Waste Listings”, A User-Friendly Reference Document. Draft March 2008,Pp 1-10 Available on:, Accessed on 3rd January, 2013.

Urbanbandit website (2012), “What is waste?” Zero waste advocate and Environmentalist”, available online on, available on 3rd January, 2013.

Wetherell, I. (2003): “Rubbish piling up”, Zimbabwe Independent (Harare), March 28th, 2003, Pp 1, Available on line on, accessed on 3rd January, 2013.

Wikipedia, (2013), “Waste”, available on line on, accessed on 5th January, 2013.

Williams, P. (2005), “Waste Treatment and Disposal”, Second edition, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, Chichester, Pp 380.

World Bank, (1999), “What a Waste! Solid Waste Management in Asia, Accessed online at: Accessed on 3rd January, 2013.







Similar Articles

1-10 of 123

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.