Home Based Variables Influencing Effective Implementation of Inclusive Education in Kirinyaga West Sub-County, Kenya


  • Atanasia Wambui Maingi Karatina University




Inclusive education, inclusion, special needs education, special needs, mainstreaming


The home-based variables that influence effective application of inclusive education in public primary schools continue to exercise the minds of educationists, policy makers and stakeholders in education in Kenya. The study sought to assess the home-based variables that influence effective implementation of inclusive education in Kirinyaga West Sub-county. The study used the descriptive investigation research design and was directed by mainstreaming model propounded by Bandura’s. The target population of the study comprised of public primary schools in Kirinyaga West Sub-County. The study used mixed approach in data collection and analysis. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected concurrently. To ensure all the identified sub-groups in the target population were well represented, the study applied purposive sampling and simple random sampling. Purposive sampling was used to identify 10 schools that offer inclusive education while simple random sampling using Gay formula (10-20%) was applied to select 10 students and 5 teachers in the selected schools. Pilot study was carried out to test the reliability of the instruments in a neighboring school in Kirinyaga Central Sub-County. The research instruments included two sets of questionnaires, one for teachers and the other for the students and an interview guide for the Sub-County Director of Education. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics such as means, frequencies and percentages. Data collected was presented in form of graphs and tables. The results showed that majority of the parents (75.6%) are not able to support the learners with basic needs in the school though they attend school meetings. The study also revealed that cultural practices have a negative influence towards effective implementation of inclusive education. The study recommends the need to sensitize and create more awareness to strengthen implementation of inclusive education in public primary schools  in Kirinyaga West Sub-County.


Author Biography

  • Atanasia Wambui Maingi, Karatina University
    Department of educational planning,administartion and curricullum development







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