Public education establishment in the earliest colonial period of Hong Kong: a historical re-constructivist explanation
Keywords:reconstructive, colony, education policy
AbstractIt was explained that education was not important in the earliest colonial period where the colony only contained small Hong Kong Island from 1841 to 1860. The disagreement of this conclusion was found and actually education was one of the major governmental concerns. Britain was starting that education should be funded by public money and the public education system was not yet well established at that time. The Hong Kong government laid special stress on educating Hong Kong pupils in order to facilitate governance, business and building community and citizenship of Hong Kong during this early colonial period. We can criticize the government which did not spend enough money for education, but it is observable that the education policy was initiated and adjusted to suit for the development of the community. The fact must be re-constructed historically.
Bard, Solomon (2002) Voices From the Past, Hong Kong 1842-1918, Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press
Bickley, Gillian (2002), The Development of Education in Hong Kong 1841-1897, Hong Kong: the Chinese University Press.
Cameron, Nigel (1979), The Hongkong Land Company Ltd.: a brief hisotry, Hong Kong: the author.
Cameron, Nigel (1991), An Illustrated History of Hong Kong, New York: Oxford University Press.
Cheng, Tung Choy (1949), The education of overseas Chinese: a comparative study of Hong Kong, Singapore and the East Indies, M. A. thesis, London: University of London.
Chow Siu-Wah (1992), The State and the development of the state-sponsored education system in Hong Kong, Thesis (M. A. Ed.), Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Eitel, E. John (1893) The History of Hongkong, in The China Review, or notes & queries on the far east, Vol.20, no.6, pp.346-371, Hong Kong: China Mail Office.
Eitel, E. John (1894) The History of Hongkong, in The China Review, or notes & queries on the far east, Vol.21, no.1, pp.1-14, Hong Kong: China Mail Office.
Eitel, E. John (1895a), The History of Hongkong in The china Review, or notes & queries on the far east, vol. 21 no, 5, pp.301-310, Hong Kong: China Mail Office.
Eitel, E. John (1895b) The History of Hongkong, in The China Review, or notes & queries on the far east, Vol.21, no.6, pp.359-377, Hong Kong: China Mail Office.
Eitel, E. John (1968), Europe in China, Taipei: Ch Eng-Wen Publishing Company.
Eitel, E. John (1983), Europe in China, Hong Kong: Oxford University Press.
Endacott, G. B. (1973), A History of Hong Kong, Hong Kong: Oxford University Press.
Fu, Gail Schaeffer (1979), Bilingual education in Hong Kong: a historical perspective in Working Papers in Language and Language Teaching, Hong Kong: Hong Kong University, pp. 1-19.
Lobscheid, William (1859), A Few Notices on the Extent of Chinese Education, and the Government Schools of Hongkong. With Remarks on the History and Religious Notions of the Inhabitants of this Island, Hongkong: China Mail Office.
Ng Lun, Ngai Ha (1984), Interaction of East and West: Development of Public Education in Early Hong Kong, Hong Kong: the Chinese University Press.
Sayer, Geoffrey Robley (1980), Hong Kong 1841-1862, birth, adolescence and Coming of Age, Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
Smith, Carl T. (1985), Chinese Christians: elites, middlemen, and church in Hong Kong, New York: Oxford University Press.
Stokes, Gwenneth & Stokes, John (1987), Queen’s College: Its History 1862-1987, Hong Kong: Queen’s College Old Boys’ Association
Sweeting, Edward Anthony (1990), Education in Hong Kong Pre-1841 to 1941: Fact & Opinion, Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
Taylor, Charles (1860), Five Years in China with some account of the Great Rebellion, and a description of St. Helena, New York: Derby & Jackson.
Tsai Jung-Fang (1993), Hong Kong in Chinese History: community and Social Unrest in the British Colony, 1842-1913, New York: Columbia University Press
Vikner, David Walter (1987), The Role of Christian Missions in the Establishment of Hong Kong System of Education, Ph.D. Thesis, Columbia University, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms International.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).