A Helping Hand: Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI)


  • Bernard W. Andrews Faculty of Education, University of Ottawa




individualized instruction, personal learning


Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) is an approach to teaching that emphasizes the diagnosis of learning problems and the provision of prescriptive assignments to assist individual students overcome their difficulties.  When this strategy is employed effectively, the teaching environment is highly adaptive.  The teacher matches the students' abilities to alternate ways of learning, and also provides remedial assistance and positive reinforcement.  Individually Prescribed Instruction has been shown to be effective across the school curriculum.  This writer reviews the success of this strategy for assisting students overcome learning problems, and proposes a model for its implementation in music instruction.

Author Biography

  • Bernard W. Andrews, Faculty of Education, University of Ottawa
    Professor Andrews is Professor of Education athe University of Ottawa where he teaches music certification and graduate arts courses, and undertakes research in educational music, interactive teaching strategies, research methods, and teacher development in the arts.


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