Contextual Factors Affecting E-Government Strategy Implementation and Its Impact on Public Sector Performance in Kenya


  • Dr. James Gathungu Lecturer, School of Business, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 60679-00200, Nairobi, Kenya,
  • Alfred N. Mungai Assistant Director, Kenya Betting Control & Licensing Board, PhD Candidate, School of Business, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya, P.O Box 43977-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.



E-government, Transformation, Transparency, Accountability, Performance


This paper assesses the contextual factors affecting the implementation of e-government strategy and its impact on the performance of the public sector in Kenya using the Wing Lam, (2005) E-government Integration Model. Electronic government (E-government) is viewed in this study as the utilization of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) to transform the efficiency, effectiveness, transparency and accountability of exchanges within government, between government and citizens and businesses locally and abroad; and to empower citizens through access and use of information. Although e-government is a rapidly growing concept in both developing and developed countries very few e-government initiatives progress to maturity. Different countries are faced with different contextual circumstances and environments in the realization of e-government initiatives. This study attempts to address the gap between theory and rhetoric about the potential of e-government and the reality of its application on the ground in Kenya. The study attempts to analyze the philosophy, theories and paradigms of e-government. The development of the commercial concept as a new paradigm in public administration replacing the traditional bureaucratic systems of government is highlighted in the study. A detailed conceptual discussion anchors the study on the Wing Lam, (2005) E-government Integration Model (EGI) basing it on the Kenyan perspective. The study also reviews relevant e-government studies from an international, regional and local perspective anchoring the study on the configuration school of management thought. These discussions are used to develop new insights in view of the emerging issues and their relevance to the public sector in Kenya.






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