Understanding How College Students Describe Art: An Analysis on Art Education in China

Hong Wang

Abstract


This study aims to explore how Chinese college students appreciate art as reflected in their descriptions of an artwork. Students’ descriptions were defined by a content analysis with respect to opinions and facts, art elements and principles. A questionnaire was also used to investigate students’ attitudes toward art education. 85 students who were divided into four groups participated in the study. The results showed: (1) participants were more familiar with art appreciation than art elements and principles; (2) there was a slight but no significant difference between students’ describing facts and opinions; (3) participants had significantly higher scores on describing art elements than describing art principles; (4) among all participants with regard to all elements and principles, there was a significant difference of describing space between students of art education and students of music education, and also, there was a significant difference of describing value between Chinese language students and other students. The results suggested that participants, including those of art education, had poor knowledge and strategies of understanding art, implying art education in China may have ended up with failure.


Keywords


Art appreciation, art description, art education, art elements and principles

Full Text:

PDF

References


Department of Fine Arts of People’s Education Press. (2003). Arts Appreciation (Visual Art). Beijing: People’s Education Press.

Gordon, E. E. (1980). Learning sequences in music. Chicago: GIA.

Grauer, K. (1998). Beliefs of pre-service teachers toward art education. Studies in Art Education, 39(4), 360-370.

Guo, X. (2007). A Survey and analysis of art education in elementary and high schools in China. Art Education, 6, 4-5.

Gray, J., & MacGregor, R. N. (1991). Studies of art teaching: Simple facts about complex activities. Journal of Art & Design Education, 10 (3), 281-291.

Hobbs, J., & Salome, R. (1991). The visual experience. Worcester, Massachusetts: Davis Publication, Inc.

Hu, J. (2012, November 17). Hu Jintao's report at 18th Party Congress. Retrieved from: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/special/18cpcnc/2012-11/17/c_131981259.html.

Kong, Z., Dong, H. (2000). Problems and solutions of art education in primary and secondary schools in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Education in Ningxia, 1, 16-18.

Li, X. (2012). Major achievements and the path of aesthetic education in modern China. Journal of Henan Institute of Education, 31(2), 2012, 76-82.

Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China. (2006, June 29). Compulsory Education Law. Retrieved from: http://www.moe.gov.cn/publicfiles/business/htmlfiles/moe/moe_619/200606/15687.html.

Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China. (2002, May 13). National Development Program for Art Education (2001-2010). Retrieved from: http://www.moe.gov.cn/publicfiles/business/htmlfiles/moe/moe_795/201001/80694.html.

Ning, W. (2011). Present situation and a perspective of research on aesthetic education in college. Journal of Tianjin University (Social Sciences), 13 (16), 537-541.

Pajares, M. F. (1992). Teacher beliefs and educational research: Cleaning up a messy construct. Review of Educational Research, 62(3), 307-332.

The Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China. (2010, July 29). China’s Medium and Long Term Education Reform and Development Plan. Retrieved from: http://www.gov.cn/jrzg/2010-07/29/content_1667143.html.

Zhang, D. (2012). A review of research on aesthetic education in college over ten years. Modern Education Science, 1, 2012, 32-34.

Zhong, X., Yu, Y., Cui, Y., & Ren, Y. (2013). A return to art education: The problems and implications of art education in compulsory education. Theoretical Research, 7, 186-189.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18533/journal.v4i5.727

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




.............................................................................................................................

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

.............................................................................................................................

If you find difficulties in submitting manuscript please forward your doc file to support@theartsjournal.org. Our support team will assist you in submission process and other technical matters.

In order to get notifications on inbox please add theartsjournal.org in your email safe list.

Journal of Arts and Humanities (Print) ISSN:2167-9045

Journal of Arts and Humanities (Online) ISSN: 2167-9053

[Journal of Arts and Humanities previously published by MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, MD, USA. From February 2018 this journal is published by the LAR Center Press, OR, USA]