A Comparative Study of the Discursive Strategies in the Media Interviews of Participants in the January 2012 Fuel Subsidy Removal Crisis in Nigeria.

Samuel Alaba Akinwotu

Abstract


Even though the debate on the deregulation of the downstream sector of Nigerian economy has been on for a while, scholarly works have excluded a comparative study of the media utterances of actors in the eco-political discourse. This paper compares the discursive strategies in the media interviews of participants in the January 2012 crisis on the removal of fuel subsidy in Nigeria with a view to characterising the discourse strategies. The study which draws extensively from the framework of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) examines a total of ten media interviews of government spokespersons and protesters on the rationality, or otherwise, of government’s action. The study shows that government spokespersons deploy opinionation and defensive rhetorics, while protesters utterances are characterised by combat and condemnatory rhetorics. Both parties make use of manipulative persuasion strategies of solidarity and framing. However, blackmail is peculiar to government spokespersons, while threat is common to the protesters.


Keywords


Discursive strategies; Fuel subsidy; Eco-political discourse; Deregulation; Opinionation and defensive rhetorics

Full Text:

PDF

References


Achard, Pierre. (1993). Discourse and Social Praxis in the Construction of Nation and State. In Discourse and Society. London: Sage Publication. pp. 75-98.

Adejumobi, S (2005). Identity, Citizenship and Conflict: The African Experience. In Fawole W. and C. Ukeje (eds.), The Crisis of the State and Regionalism in West Africa: Citizenship and Conflict. Dakar: CODESRIA. Pp19-43.

Agbedo, C.U (2008). A Speech Act Analysis of Political Discourse in the Nigerian Print Media.

Retrieved from info@linguisticsafrikana.com

Agbedo, C. U and S. S. Akaan (2011). The Political Economy of Oil Deregulation in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic: Prospects and Challenges

Agbedo, C.U and S.S.Akaan (2011). Fuel Subsidy Removal and the Mind Control Game in

Nigeria: A Critical Discourse Analysis Perspective. Retrieved from

http://linguisticsafrikana.com

Balogun, J. B. (2012). Removal of Subsidy: a Question of Trust. Developing Country Studies. Vol 2, No.5, 2012. Retrieved from www.iiste.org

Bell, A. (1991). The Language of News Media. Oxford: Blackwell.

Braide, K.M. (2004). Modes of Deregulation in the Down Stream Sector of the Nigerian Petroleum Industry. Democratic Socialist Movement.10 March 2009. Unconditional No to Deregulation and Privatization of the Oil Sector. Retrieved from www.socialistnigeria.org/page.php

Caldas-Couthard, C.R. (1996). The Man in the News: the Misrepresentation of Women Speaking in News-narrative Discourse in Mills (ed.) Language and Gender: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Essex: Longman.

Chilton, P. (2004). Analysing Political Discourse: Theory and Practice. London: Roultedge, Taylor and Francis Group.

_____ _(1984). Politeness, Politics and Diplomacy. Discourse and Society.

(2): (201-224)

Chiluwa, I.E. (2005). Discourse Pragmatics of the News Headlines and Lead Stories in Tell, The News and Newswatch 1996 – 2002. Unpublished PhD Thesis, English, Arts. University of Ibadan.

Chiluwa, I.E. (2006). A Critical Study of Language Variation and Ideological Differences in Media Discourse in Nigeria. Ibadan Journal of English Studies. 87-175.

Dunbar R (1996). Grooming, Gossip and the Evolution of Language. London & Boston: Faber &Faber.

Etekpe, A. (2007). The Politics and Conflicts over Oil and Gas in the Niger Delta Region: the Bayelsa State Experience 1990-2006, Port Harcourt: Tower Gate Resources

Fairclough, N. (2002). Critical Linguistics/Critical Discourse Analysis. In Malmkjaer, K. (ed) The Linguistic Encyclopaedia. USA: Rutledge. 102-107.

__________ (2001). Language and Power. New York: Longman.

__________ (1995).Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. London and New York: Longman.

__________ (1995). Media Discourse. London: Arnold

Fowler, R., (1979). Language and Control. London: Routledge

Fowler, R., Hodge, B., Kress, (1979). Critical Lingistics. In Fowler R ed. Language and Control London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Giddes, A. (1991). Modernity and Self Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Cambridge: Polity Press

Gumperz J. J (ed.) (1982). Language and Social Identity. Cambridge: CUP.

Innocent, O.E and Charles, O.C (2011). Political Economy Of deregulation Policy In Nigeria. The Challenges Ahead, Journal of business and organizational development. Volume 2 Cenresin Publications www.cenresin.org

Iwilade, Akin. (2010). Gender and Identity in the Nigerian Media. In Umukoro M. M. (eds.), Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies, pp 68-89.

Jenkins, R. (1986). Social Identity. London: Routledge.

Joseph, J. E, (2006). Identity and Language. In J. L. Mey (eds.) Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics. (Second Edition) UK: Elsevier Ltd. 2009 pp345-351

Laakso, L and A. Olukoshi, (1996). The Crisis of the Post-Colonial Nation-State Project in Africa. In Olukoshi A and L. Laakso (eds.), Challenges to the Nation-State in Africa. Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, pp. 7-39. Meecharoen F et al. 1998. Survey of Public Understanding and Preferences of NewspaperHeadlines Language” Journal of Language and Linguistics 6(2)

Nenpominyi Sarah Adelabu (2012). The Political Economy of Oil Deregulation in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic: Prospects and Challenges

Obi, C (2002). Oil and the Minority Question. In Momoh A. and S. Adejumobi (eds.), The National Question in Nigeria: Comparative Perspectives, Hamsphire and Burlington: Ashgate, pp 97-118.

Odebunmi, Akin. (2008). Tracking and Ideology in Political News Reporting in Journal of Political Linguistics. Vol. 26.

Ofshe, J. R. (2003). Coercive persuasion and attitudinal change. Encyclopedia of Sociology

Vol. 1 New York: Macmillan Publishing Company www.rickcross.com

Onyishi, A. O, Eme, O. I. and Emeh, I. E. J. (2012). The Domestic and International Implications of Fuel Subsidy Removal Crisis in Nigeria

Opeibi, B.O. (2003). A Discourse Analysis of the Use of English in the 1993 Presidential Election Campaigns in Nigeria. An Unpublished Ph.D Thesis. Lagos.

Osisanwo, W. (2001). “Textuality and Nigerian Newspaper Editorials: The example of the Guardian”. In Ife Studies in English Language, Vol.5

Osisanwo, Wale. (2003). Introduction to Discourse Analysis and Pragmatics. Lagos:

Femolus-Fetop Publishers. 2003.

Salami, O. & Ayoola, A. K. (2010). The 'War' of Appropriate Pricing of Petroleum Products: The Discourse of Nigeria's Reform Agenda. Linguistik online 42, 2: 41-52

Shoremekun K. And Obi, C. (1993). “Oil and the National Question”. Proceedings of the Nigerian Economic Society (NES) Annual Conference, pp 209-231.

Simon O. Ering & F. U. Akpan (2012). The Politics of Fuel Subsidy, Populist Resistance and its Socio-Economic Implications for Nigeria;

Steans J. (1998). “States, Nationalisms and Gendered Identities’. In Steans J. (eds.) Gender and International Relations: An Introduction. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Stryker .S (1980). Symbolic Interactionism: A Social Stuctural Version, Menlo Park, CA:

Benjamin Cummings.

Stubbs, M. (1983). Discourse Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Taiwo, Rotimi. (2001). “Thematic Structure of English-Medium Nigerian Newspaper

Reports” Ife Studies in English Language. 5: 58-69

Taiwo, Rotimi. (2004). “Speech as Headlines in Nigerian Newspapers” in Awonusi, S and

Babalola ed. The Domestication of English in Nigeria, Lagos: Unilag Press, 323-335

Taiwo, Rotimi. (2007). “Language, Ideology & Power Relations in Nigerian Newspaper Headlines” in Taiwo, R., Odebunmi A. and Adetunji, A. (eds) Perspectives on Media Discourse. pp 40-59.

Tajfel H (1978). ‘Social Categorization, Social Identity and Social Comparison.’ In Tajfel H. (ed.) Differentiation between Social Groups: Studies in the Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations. London: Academic Press. 61–76. Trew, T. 1979. “What the Papers Say: Linguistic Variation and Ideological Differences” in Fowler, R (ed.) Language and Control: Routledge, 117-156

Van Dijk, T.A (1977). (ed) Discourse as Social Interaction: a Multidisciplinary Introduction. Vol. 2 London: Sage Publication.

Van Dijk, T.A. (1995). “Discourse Semantics and Ideology” in Discourse and Society, vol. 6 (2), London: Sage Publications. pp 243-287.

___________(1995). “Discourse Analysis as Ideology Analysis” in Wenden, A. and Shaffner C. (ed.) Language and Peace. London: Sage Publications.

__________ (1993). “Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis” in Discourse and Society 4(2) London: Sage Publications. pp249-83.

__________ (1997). (ed.) “Discourse Social Interaction: A Multidisciplinary Introduction”, Vol. 2. London: Sage Publication.

__________ (1995). “Discourse Semantics and Ideology”. In Discourse and Society. Vol.(6)2: London: Sage Publication. Pp. 243-289

van Dijk, T. A. (1996). Discourse, power and access. In R. C. Caldas-Coulthard and M.

Coulthard (eds.), Texts and Practices: Readings in Critical Discourse Analysis (pp.

-104). London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

van Dijk, Teun (2003). "Critical Discourse Analysis". In Schiffrin, Deborah/Tannen,

Deborah/Hamilton, Heidi E. (eds.): The Handbook of Discourse Analysis. Oxford:

–371.

van Dijk, T. A. (2006) "Discourse and Manipulation". Discourse & Society 17/2: 359–383

Wodak, R. (2001) "What CDA is about. A Summary of its History, Important Concepts and

its Developments". In: Wodak, Ruth/Meyer, Michael (eds.): Methods of Critical

Discourse Analysis. London: 1–13.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18533/journal.v3i7.292

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




.............................................................................................................................

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

.............................................................................................................................

If you find difficulties in submitting manuscript please forward your doc file to support@theartsjournal.org. Our support team will assist you in submission process and other technical matters.

In order to get notifications on inbox please add theartsjournal.org in your email safe list.

Journal of Arts and Humanities (Print) ISSN:2167-9045

Journal of Arts and Humanities (Online) ISSN: 2167-9053

[Journal of Arts and Humanities previously published by MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, MD, USA. From February 2018 this journal is published by the LAR Center Press, OR, USA]