Youths, Social Media and Cultural Production of Poetics of Violence: Harbingers of Violent Elections in Nigeria?

Authors

  • Victor Okorie Obafemi Awolowo University
  • Ndukaku Okorie Obafemi Awolowo University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18533/jah.v11i05.2243

Keywords:

Violence, poetics of violence, violent imaginaries, election, democracy

Abstract

Efforts to curtail violence in Nigeria’s electoral spaces have focused mainly on quelling on-going physical manifestations of violence. This approach is like medicine after death. The approach has, in many instances, failed to prevent violent deaths in Nigeria’s electoral processes. Both covert and overt forms of electoral violence have received substantial scholarly attention, yet a critical knowledge gap exists in various narratives of the violence. Less is still known on how the deployment of symbols and poetics of violence shapes and structures violent death in the country’s electoral process. This paper, therefore, seeks to contribute to the filling of this lacuna.  The paper explores links between poetics of violence and violent election in Nigeria. By exploring the poetics, it aims at articulating measures that may enable legal violent laborers to war at the speed of light to curtail violent election. The paper uses conceptual analysis of relevant documents and draws on direct observations of and participation in electoral processes to interrogate cultural production of violence in forms of narratives, performances, and inscriptions. It argues that such productions collectively give rise to poetics of violence that motivates those who march to the violent front of electoral process and their sympathizers. The paper identifies ways in which poetics of violence are linked with killable bodies as well as indicates how legal violent laborers may genuinely counter and diffuse the violence.      

Author Biography

Ndukaku Okorie, Obafemi Awolowo University

Department of Philosophy  

References

Abler, T. S. (1992). Scalping, torture, cannibalism and rape: an ethnohistorical analysis of conflicting cultural values in war. Anthropologica, 3-20

Abufarha, N. A. (2006). The making of a human bomb: state expansion and modes of resistance in Palestine. The University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Alaye, A. (2021). Electoral violence in Nigerian Fourth Republic. African Journal of Democracy and Election Research, 1(2), 119-141

Ayodele, O. A. (2022). An assessment of the legal framework put in place to curb electoral violence in Nigeria. In Elections and Electoral Violence in Nigeria (pp. 101-122). Palgrave Macmillan, Singapore

Buhari, M. (2019) https://twitter.com/daily_trust/status/1097579755233337345 accessed 20th February 2022

Buhari, M (2014) https://www.nairaland.com/938100/dog-baboon-soaked-blood-buhari accessed 20th February 2022

Ekeh, P. P. (2018). Colonialism and the two publics in Africa: A theoretical statement. In Africa (pp. 87-109). Routledge.

Ellis, S. (2003). Violence and history: a response to Thandika Mkandawire. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 41(3), 457-475.

El-Rufai, N. (2019) https://www.pulse.ng/news/politics/el-rufai-warns-us-uk-youll-all-go-back-in-body-bags-if-you-interfere-in-nigerias/nn53eb9 accessed February 2019

Geschiere, P. The Perils of Belonging: Autochthony, Citizenship, and Exclusion in Africa and Europe. University of Chicago Press, 2009. Print.

Keil, C. (1970). The price of Nigerian victory. Africa Today, 17(1), 1-3.

Mars, P., Social and EconomicThe Nature of Political Violence” Social and Economic Study, vol.24, No.2, (1975), pp. 221-238.

Mkandawire, T. (2003). Rejoinder to Stephen Ellis. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 41(3), 477-483

Mkandawire, T. (2002). The terrible toll of post-colonial ‘rebel movements’ in Africa: towards an explanation of the violence against the peasantry. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 40(2), 181-215

Ohnuki-Tierney, E. (2010). Kamikaze, cherry blossoms, and nationalisms. In Kamikaze, Cherry Blossoms, and Nationalisms. University of Chicago Press.

Ohnuki?Tierney, E. (2004). Betrayal by idealism and aesthetics: Special Attack Force (kamikaze) pilots and their intellectual trajectories (Part 1). Anthropology today, 20(2), 15-21

Onimisi, T., & Tinuola, O. L. (2019). Appraisal of the 2019 post-electoral violence in Nigeria. Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 4(3), 107-113

Onoja A, A. (2009). Nature, character and outcomes of post-election challenges in Nigeria. Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, 18, 79-104

Perryman, B. (2011). Developing an Early Warning System for Intrastate Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Schmidt, B., & Schröder, I. (Eds.). (2001). Anthropology of violence and conflict (p. 1). London: Routledge

Singh, G. (1976) Psychology and political violence, Social Scientist, vol. 4, No.6, pp. 3-13.

Taylor, C. (2004) King sacrifice, President Habyarimana, and the iconographies of pre-genocidal Rwandan political literature. In Violence. Santa Fe: School of American Research Press. p 79-105

Uvin, P. (1998). Aiding violence: The development enterprise in Rwanda. Kumarian Press.

Uzodike, U. O., & Onapajo, H. (2019). Beyond the card reader: anti-election rigging technology and national security in Nigeria. Insight on Africa, 11(2), 145-161.

Weber, M., Roth, G., & Wittich, P. (1921). Economy and Society, 1978, G. Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich. Berkeley: University of California.

Whitehead, N. L., & Abufarha, N. (2008). Suicide, violence, and cultural conceptions of martyrdom in Palestine. Social research, 395-416.

Whitehead, N. L. (2002). Dark shamans. In Dark Shamans. Duke University Press.

Whitehead, N. L. (2009). Introduction: Humanistic approaches to violence. Anthropology and Humanism, 34(1), 1-10

Whitehead, N. L. (2004). On the poetics of violence. Violence, 55-77

Downloads

Published

2022-06-23

Issue

Section

Article