Qur'anic Maps and the Theory of Multiple Intelligences: A Better Understanding of The Holy Qur'an


  • Mohammad Allibaih 1. Faculty of Languages, Sudan University of Science and Technology 2. Medical Terminology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University




Qur'an, Mind maps, Concept maps, Theory of Multiple Intelligences, Qur'anic maps.


The current study aims at presenting an in-depth coverage of the multiple human intelligences theorized by Howard Gardner in (Gardner, 1993a, Gardner, 1993b, Gardner, 1995, Gardner and Miller, 1999, Gardner, 2003) and their relationship to Qur'anic mapping method (concept and mind maps presenting a bilingual Qur'anic text) worked out in this proposed study. Furthermore, the study highlights numerous conceptual and congruence features between the way the Qur'anic maps present information and the way the nine types of learners absorb knowledge. Technically, the study utilized XMind 7 (v3.6.0.R-201511090408) software for creating the Qur'anic maps. The Arabic and English Qur'anic texts were extracted from http://quran.ksu.edu.sa. Regarding the topical classification and conceptual levels, the study depended on the exegetic opinions of Ibn Kathir in the book Al-Misbah Al-Munir fi Tahdhib Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Al-Mubarakpuri, 2013). Results showed that the Qur'anic maps proposed in this study are in total congruence with the nine frames of mind theorized by Howard Gardner. This study, as a new domain of research, recommends that similar studies shall present more rigorous investigations in the relationship between the current model of Qur'anic maps and learners’ learning styles.

Author Biography

  • Mohammad Allibaih, 1. Faculty of Languages, Sudan University of Science and Technology 2. Medical Terminology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University
    King Abdulaziz University, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Terminology Unit


ABDUL-RAOF, H. 2003. Conceptual and Textual Chaining in Qur'anic Discourse. Journal of Qur'anic Studies, 5, 72-94.

ABDUL-RAOF, H. 2013. Qur'an translation: Discourse, texture and exegesis, Routledge.

AKBARI, R. & HOSSEINI, K. 2008. Multiple intelligences and language learning strategies: Investigating possible relations. System, 36, 141-155.

AL-MUBARAKPURI, S.-R. 2003a. Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) Volume 1, Riyadh, Darussalam.

AL-MUBARAKPURI, S.-R. 2003b. Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) Volume 2, Riyadh, Darussalam.

AL-MUBARAKPURI, S.-R. 2003c. Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) Volume 3, Riyadh, Darussalam.

AL-MUBARAKPURI, S.-R. 2003d. Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) Volume 8, Riyadh, Darussalam.

AL-MUBARAKPURI, S.-R. 2003e. Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) Volume 9, Riyadh, Darussalam.

AL-MUBARAKPURI, S.-R. 2013. Al-Misbah Al-Munir fi Tahthib Tafsir Ibn Kathir المصباح المنير في تهذيب تفسير ابن كثير, Riyadh, Darusssalam.

ALLIBAIH, M. 2019. Presenting the Qur'anic Text in a Developed Mapping Technique and Reflecting the Related Theories of Linguistics. Journal of Arts and Humanities, 8.

ARMSTRONG, T. 2003. The multiple intelligences of reading and writing: Making the words come alive, ASCD.

ARMSTRONG, T. 2009. Multiple intelligences in the classroom, Ascd.

BAILEY, S. 2014. Academic writing: A handbook for international students, Routledge.

BALOTA, D. A., YAP, M. J. & CORTESE, M. J. 2006. Visual word recognition: The journey from features to meaning (a travel update). Handbook of Psycholinguistics (Second Edition). Elsevier.

BATES, A. W. 2015. Teaching in a digital age: Guidelines for designing teaching and learning for a digital age, Tony Bates Associates Ltd.

BOYD, L. 2015. After watching this, your brain will not be the same [Online]. YouTube: TEDx Talks. Available: https://youtu.be/LNHBMFCzznE [Accessed 06 April 2018].

BROPHY, J. 2013. Motivating students to learn, Routledge.

CHRISTISON, M. A. Applying Multiple Intelligences Theory in Preservice and In-service TEFL Education Programs. Forum, 1998. ERIC, n2.

COOK, D. A. & ARTINO, A. R. 2016. Motivation to learn: an overview of contemporary theories. Medical education, 50, 997-1014.

DALEY, B. J. & TORRE, D. M. 2010. Concept maps in medical education: an analytical literature review. Medical education, 44, 440-448.

DENIG, S. J. 2004. Multiple intelligences and learning styles: Two complementary dimensions. Teachers College Record, 106, 96-111.

EDUTOPIA 2010. Howard Gardner on Multiple Intelligences.

ELLIS, G. W., RUDNITSKY, A. & SILVERSTEIN, B. 2004. Using concept maps to enhance understanding in engineering education. International Journal of Engineering Education, 20, 1012-1021.

FARR, M. J. 1986. The long-term retention of knowledge and skills: a cognitive and instructional perspective. DTIC Document.

FLEETHAM, M. 2006. Multiple intelligences in practice: Enhancing self-esteem and learning in the classroom, A&C Black.

FRAILLON, J., AINLEY, J., SCHULZ, W., FRIEDMAN, T. & GEBHARDT, E. 2014. Preparing for life in a digital age, Springer.

GARDNER, D. & MILLER, L. 1999. Establishing self-access: From theory to practice, Cambridge University Press.

GARDNER, H. 1991. The unschooled mind. How children think and how schools should teach.

GARDNER, H. 1993a. Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, New York, Basic Books.

GARDNER, H. 1993b. Multiple intelligences: The theory in practice, New York, Basic Books.

GARDNER, H. 1995. Reflections on multiple intelligences: Myths and Messages. Phi Delta Kappan, 77, 200-200.

GARDNER, H. 2003. Multiple intelligences after twenty years. American Educational Research Association, Chicago, Illinois, 21.

GARDNER, H. 2006. Multiple intelligences: New horizons, New York, Basic Books.

GILES, E., PITRE, S. & WOMACK, S. 2003. Multiple intelligences and learning styles. Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology.

GRABE, W. & KAPLAN, R. B. 1996. Theory and practice of writing: An applied linguistics perspective. Harlow: Pearson Education.

GROW, G. 1995. Writing and the Seven Intelligences.

HALEEM, M. A. 2005. The Qur'an, OUP Oxford.

HAY, D. B. 2007. Using concept maps to measure deep, surface and non‐learning outcomes. Studies in Higher Education, 32, 39-57.

HAZZAN, O., LAPIDOT, T. & RAGONIS, N. 2014. Active Learning and Active-Learning-Based Teaching Model. Guide to Teaching Computer Science. Springer.

HOERR, T. R., BOGGEMAN, S. & WALLACH, C. 2010. Celebrating every learner: Activities and strategies for creating a multiple intelligences classroom, John Wiley & Sons.

HYERLE, D. 2000a. A Field Guide to Using Visual Tools, ERIC.

HYERLE, D. 2000b. Thinking maps: Visual tools for activating habits of mind. Activating and engaging habits of mind, 46-58.

IBN-KATHIR d. 1373. Tafsir Ibn Kathir.

JIANG, H. 2013. Efficient Teaching Scheme Based on Multiple Intelligence Theory. Informatics and Management Science VI. Springer.

KANAR, C. C. 2013. The confident student, Cengage Learning.

KASSELL, C. 1998. Music and the theory of multiple intelligences: Gardner's theory has lent itself to classroom activities that exercise different intelligences, but some music activities supposedly based on this theory may be misguided. Music Educators Journal, 84, 29-60.

KEZAR, A. 2001. Theory of multiple intelligences: Implications for higher education. Innovative Higher Education, 26, 141-154.

KINCHIN, I. M. 2000. Concept mapping in biology. Journal of biological education, 34, 61-68.

KREITNER, K. R. 1981. Modality strengths and learning styles of musically talented high school students. The Ohio State University.

MAHDI, E., ABOLFAZL, F. & HAMID, S. 2012. Developmental biology in Holy Quran. Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology, 3, 1-7.

MCDONALD, S.-K., KEESLER, V. A., KAUFFMAN, N. J. & SCHNEIDER, B. 2006. Scaling-up exemplary interventions. Educational Researcher, 35, 15-24.

MCKENZIE, W. 2005. Multiple intelligences and instructional technology, ISTE (Interntl Soc Tech Educ).

MICHALKO, M. 2011. Cracking creativity: The secrets of creative genius, Ten Speed Press.

MICHOŃSKA-STADNIK, A. 2012. The Relationship between Multiple Intelligences and Teaching Style. In: PAWLAK, M. (ed.) New Perspectives on Individual Differences in Language Learning and Teaching. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

MOHAMMADPOUR, S. & NIKOOPOUR, J. 2017. Topicalization in English Translation of the Holy Quran: A Comparative Study. Language and Translation, 7, 21-33.

MORAN, S., KORNHABER, M. & GARDNER, H. 2006. Orchestrating Multiple Intelligences. Educational Leadership, 64, 22-27.

MUBARAKPURI, S.-R. 2012. Al-Misbah Al-Munir fi Tahdhib Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Dar al Salam.

MURPHY, C. 1999. How far do tests of musical ability shed light on the nature of musical intelligence? British Journal of Music Education, 16, 39-50.

NELSON, K. 2001. The art of reciting the Qur'an, American Univ in Cairo Press.

NICHOLSON-NELSON, K. 1998. Developing students' multiple intelligences, New York, Scholastic Professional Books.

NKOBI, T. & WEAVER, S. 2011. Multiple Intelligences & Learning Styles.

SAADAT, S. 2009. Human embryology and the holy Quran: an overview. International journal of health sciences, 3, 103-109.

SAGAN, S. 2007. Awakening the Third Eye, Clairvision.

STAUDE, M. 2015. Meaning in Communication, Cognition and Reality: Outline of a Theory from Semiotics, Philosophy and Sociology, Andrews UK Limited.

STERNBERG, R. J. & KAUFMAN, S. B. 2011. The Cambridge handbook of intelligence, Cambridge University Press.

TEMİZ, N. 2004. Implications of multiple intelligences theory on 1st Graders’ lliteracy education. Unpublished master’s thesis, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.

VINCENT, A. & ROSS, D. 2001a. Learning Style Awareness. Journal of Research on computing in Education, 33.

VINCENT, A. & ROSS, D. 2001b. Personalize training: determine learning styles, personality types and multiple intelligences online. The Learning Organization, 8, 36-43.

WISE, P. 2005. Book Review: Brophy, Jere. (2004). Motivating students to learn (2nd ed.). APA Division 16 School Psychology, 59, 34-35.

WORMELI, R. 2005. Summarization in any subject: 50 techniques to improve student learning, ASCD.

WRÓBEL, S. 2012. The Concept of Linguistic Intelligence and Beyond. In: PAWLAK, M. (ed.) New Perspectives on Individual Differences in Language Learning and Teaching. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.







Similar Articles

1-10 of 233

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.